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Treatment Options for Painkiller Addiction

Drug detoxification is the rehabilitation of a drug addict. The main steps of drug detoxification include evaluation, stabilization, and guiding a patient into treatment. Once a patient is taken to a rehabilitation center, he or she is evaluated, in this stage, doctors assess the patient to look for potential co-occurring disorders, dual diagnosis, and mental/behavioral issues as well as checking for specific substances that are presently circulating in their bloodstream and the amount. In the stabilization stage, the patient gets to know what to expect during the treatment process; however, the use of medication is optional. The last stage of detoxification process is to guide the patient into the treatment where he or she is asked to sign the agreement form of the detoxification process.

Prescription painkillers are medications that aim at managing pain and, also, exhibit activity throughout the brain’s pleasure centers. The factor that makes the painkiller to reduce pain is their interaction with opioid receptors in the brain results in a down-modification of the sensations of pain. It is believed that a significant number of people are continuingly using the painkiller and a large number are addicted to them. Suppose that you abuse prescription painkillers or has tried to quit using thee painkillers, then you need immediate treatment. During the detoxification process, it is vital for patients to keep in mind that the process is not a walk in the park and that they will encounter challenges. Suppose one has been abusing painkillers, they may become dependent on the drug, essentially one may begin to need the drug every time so as to feel better. When physical dependency on opioid painkillers has set in, a withdrawal syndrome is frequently experienced when the use of the drugs stops. The effects of withdrawal syndrome mainly depends on the frequency of use of the drug and the person using it.

Painkiller addicts may feel the withdrawal syndromes in the early stage and the late stage. Insomnia, yawning, muscle aches, agitation, anxiety, and sweating are some of the early signs and symptoms of painkiller withdrawal. Some of the late signs of painkiller withdrawal include, vomiting, nausea, dilated pupils, diarrhea, and abdominal cramping.

The detox process can be through medication or one can opt not use medication, however some of the commonly used medication in treating withdrawal syndrome include, Naloxone, Naltrexone , Buprenorphine , and Methadone. The main difference between methadone and buprenorphine is that the latter partially activates the brain’s opioid receptors while the former activates the brain’s opioid receptors, however, both are administered orally.

Behavioral therapy is an alternative form of therapy which is issued in three main forms including individual therapy, family therapy, and group therapy. However, the therapy will vary depending on the treatment center philosophy, patients preference and the treatment center type.

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